水曜日は、Heroes and Giants
「レオナルド・ダ・ヴィンチ/Leonardo da Vinci」
レオナルド・ダ・ヴィンチ/Leonardo da Vinci
Every year, over 7 million people visit the Louvre in Pris.
For most of them, the highlight of their visits is seeing the Mona Lisa.
The man who created this popular painting was Leonardo da Vinci, an Italian artist from the late 1400s.
Leonardo is best known for being a painter.
But he only made around 15 paintings.
That is not very many for someone who lived until he was 76 years old.
Maybe he did not create many paintings.
Because he was a perfectionist.
He liked to take time to do research for his paintings.
It took Leonardo about 4 years to finish the Last Supper.
That was not the only painting that took a long time.
People say the model from Mona Lisa was a woman named Mrs.Giocondo.
It took Leonardo so long to paint it that she died before seeing the finishing painting.
Leonardo did not crate many paintings, but he left us around 10,000 pages of notes about many many different things including weapons, canals, and city plans.
He also made sketches of the human body.
It is said that he cut open over 30 dead bodies to make those sketches.
Leonardo believed that he could become a better artist by researching many things.
Because of his studies in many different areas, Leonardo is sometimes called a renaissance man, a person who is good at many things.
Leonardo was really interested in water and flying.
“Blood is the engine of humans and water is the engine of nature.”
The world needs water, but Leonardo also understood the dangers of it.
He once saw heavy rain and floods that damage his village.
So, in his notes, he left the design for life vests, machines for controlling water, and even submarines.
It is clear that Leonardo thought a lot about ways to live safely with water.
As for flying, he left designs of flying machines including one that look like a helicopter.
Leonardo studied the way birds fly and noticed how they balance themselves with their wings and tails, so he tried to design a machine that flew like a bird.
Also, there was even a drawing of a parachute with a memo next to it that says,
“You can use this to land safely from any high place.”
About 500 years later, in 2008, a man landed safely after jumping out of an airplane with a parachute using Leonardo’s design.
Most of Leonardo’s designs were never actually made, but they show that he was a talented scientist and engineer.
Researchers are still studying Leonardo’s notes.
In the future, maybe we will learn even more things about this multi-talented genius.