水曜日は、Heroes and Giants
In 1918, in a village near Capetown, South Africa, a baby boy was born.
He was named Rolihlahla, which means “trouble maker.”
This little troublemaker grew up and became a man called Nelson Mandela.
Mandela is the famous South African leader that fought hard to stop apartheid.
Apartheid was a government system in South Africa that white people used to take rights away from black people.
After years of trying, Mandela finally stopped apartheid.
He also became president and even won The Nobel Peace Prize.
Many people say Mandela is one of the greatest heroes of modern times.
But Mandela might have thought differently.
He once said,
“I was not a messiah but an ordinary man who had become a leader because of extraordinary circumstances.”
This means he was not a God.
He was just a normal man who became a leader because his country needed a leader at that time.
So what did this ordinary man do?
In 1941, when Mandela was 23 years old.
He moved to Johannesburg to study law.
He also joined a group, who wanted black people to be able to vote, the African National Congress or ANC.
Mandela became one of the main members of the ANC and protested many times.
He didn’t use violence but was put in prison again and again.
Mandela did not want the black people in South Africa to create their own country.
He did not want black people to control white people either.
He just wanted all people in the country to be equal.
The government did not like the ANC’s protest.
So they tried to control them.
The ANC was unhappy with this and started to attack important places such as power plants.
Mandela was leading the protesters.
So in 1962, he was caught again.
Mandela told the people,
“All people should live together in harmony and have equal opportunities.
I’ll do anything to make this happen.
I am even prepared to die.”
Mandela stayed in prison for 27 years.
In prison, he shared his ideas with black people and white people and never forgot his dream about South Africans being equal.
Many countries around the world worked to stop apartheid.
Finally, in 1991, there was a new president who didn’t believe in apartheid.
He released Mandela from prison.
Mandela was already 71 years old.
4 years later, he became the first black president in South Africa.
Mandela died in 2013 at the age of 95.
Many important people from around the world went to his funeral.
His name might have been trouble maker, but he did not create trouble.
He did the opposite.
He worked hard and crate peace in South Africa.